Information from the USDA Website
“Standards of Care and Recordkeeping
Businesses in the commercial pet trade must maintain APHIS standards for
veterinary care and animal management. The requirements cover housing,
handling, sanitation, food, water, and protection againist extremes of weather
and temperature. Federal animal care standards of care. Regulated individuals
and businesses are encouraged to provide care that exceeds the specified minimum.
Those who are unable or unwilling to consistently meet the minimum standards of
care are subject to heavy fines and licensing actions, including suspension,
revocation, and disqualification.
Breeders and dealers must also employ
either a full-time veterinarian or arrange for veterinarian to visit their businesses
regularly. An outside veterinarian employed by a facility must establish a
written program of veterinary care and submit it to the APHIS review.” - APHIS Fact sheet - Animal Care Jan. 2002
“Under the AWA [Animal Welfare Act],
APHIS issues licenses and registrations to certain animal businesses and
research facilities and performs inspections to ensure proper animal care and
treatment. The AWA’s regulations as well as other policy documents issued
by the AC staff clarify how USDA determines whether a licensed or registered
entity is providing its animals with proper care and treatment.” – USDA APHIS Website.
USDA ensures the animals are provided;
- food and water
- proper facilities
- veterinary care
Those who do not comply with government regulations
will lose their licenses.
For more information on the USDA click here